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In the years between 18, Italy underwent a "demographic explosion" and completed the first phase of a demographic transition due to a more rapid fall in death rates than in birth rates and to a rapid increase in the rate of growth of the population, which rose from 26.8 million to 34.6 million between 18, or by about 8 million persons.
The increase in population growth rates led to massive emigration from the south, or Mezzogiorno, where the process of demographic transition was delayed.2 Birth rates and death rates fell more slowly in the south than in the north, so that the Mezzogiorno had a higher natural rate of growth and underwent greater demographic pressure.
The passenger lists reproduced in these volumes are arranged in chronological order by date of arrival.
Italian passengers on these lists who disembarked at New York are published in their entirety; the names of non-Italian passengers are deleted.
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4501 Forbes Boulevard, Suite 200, Lanham, Maryland 20706 com PO Box 317 Oxford OX2 9RU, UK Copyright © 2006 by Scarecrow Press, Inc. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher. Glazier ix Lists of Codes Occupations Villages Destinations Key Passenger Lists Index xxi xxiii xli xlv 1 344 This page intentionally left blank Foreword About 90 percent of the Italians who emigrated to the United States came to New York, with the major arrivals beginning in about 1880.
The migratory deficits also showed marked regional disparities.
As the decline in the birth rate was delayed in the south, the Mezzogiorno became the main contributor to these migratory deficits.
The passenger lists make possible a detailed reconstruction of the movement of population from the major sender countries, in the present case Italy, by including information on the age, sex, occupation, and nationality of each passenger and residence and putative destination.
Analysis of this information enables the researcher to identify U. citizens returning to their country of origin, persons transitting the United States, and immigrants.
Italy experienced a migration boom between 18 when over 13.5 million emigrants left the country for European and overseas destinations.
Migration was the most visible manifestation of a disequilibrium caused by a stagnant economy and increasing population pressure.