History online dating
Four of the sarsens at Stonehenge were adorned with hundreds of carvings depicting axe-heads and a few daggers.
A mid-14th-century manuscript illustration showing the wizard Merlin building Stonehenge.
The earliest surviving written references to Stonehenge date from the medieval period, and from the 14th century onwards there are increasing references to Stonehenge and drawings and paintings of it.
Since 1897, when the Ministry of Defence bought a vast tract of land on Salisbury Plain for army training exercises, the activities of the military have had an impact on the area.
A stone (gneiss) macehead and bone pins found associated with cremated human remains in the Aubrey Holes at Stonehenge, evidence that very early in its development Stonehenge was a cemetery © English Heritage, with permission from Salisbury Museum but the earliest known major event was the construction of a circular ditch with an inner and outer bank, built about 3000 BC.
This enclosed an area about 100 metres in diameter, and had two entrances. Within the bank and ditch were possibly some timber structures and set just inside the bank were 56 pits, known as the Aubrey Holes.