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Then-president Sproul assumed presidency of the entire University of California system, and Clark Kerr became the first Chancellor of UC Berkeley.
In the highly publicized People's Park protest in 1969, students and the school conflicted over use of a plot of land; the National Guard was called in and violence erupted.
With the completion of North and South Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 22 female students Beginning in 1891, Phoebe Apperson Hearst made several large gifts to Berkeley, funding a number of programs and new buildings and sponsoring, in 1898, an international competition in Antwerp, Belgium, where French architect Émile Bénard submitted the winning design for a campus master plan.
In 1905, the University Farm was established near Sacramento, ultimately becoming the University of California, Davis. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942.
It is additionally ranked 4th internationally by U. In 1866, the private College of California purchased the land comprising the current Berkeley campus.
Today, the term "University of California" refers to the statewide school system of which UC Berkeley is a part. During World War II, the military increased its presence on campus to recruit more officers, and by 1944, more than 1,000 Berkeley students were enrolled in the V-12 Navy College Training Program and naval training school for diesel engineering.
Then governor of California Ronald Reagan called the Berkeley campus "...a haven for communist sympathizers, protesters, and sex deviants".
In 1982, the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) was founded on the Berkeley campus at the request of three Berkeley mathematicians -- Shiing-Shen Chern, Calvin Moore and Isadore M.
Ten faculty members and almost 40 students made up the new University of California when it opened in Oakland in 1869.
In 1870, Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California, became the first president.